Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. 243 29 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida ( Freedom Tree Farms ) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. Flowers have white bracts. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida). 0000006838 00000 n If plants bloom, they are white. The fruit for the flowering dogwood is poisonous to humans, so humans have interacted with the flowering dogwood in limited amounts. Finden Sie hochwertige Fotos, die Sie anderswo vergeblich suchen. Sherald, J. L. et al. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. 0000004736 00000 n in Flowering Dogwood, Cornus florida, after Attack by the Dogwood Club Gall, Resseliella clavula. Flowering Dogwood features showy clusters of white flowers with white bracts held atop the branches in mid spring. Are suitable for par… Several bark diseases affect the dogwood. 0000004493 00000 n The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. H��UKo�0��W�h"K��G�؜6��4�b��b/N�yt��b��#%�q�t�z��>�d��U��+� �ǧ��&0�L�X0]�\�O9�\���O�%����5HA�ڪ@*�M1~E�e��y ~�����l�~2 The wood of dogwood has a high resistance to sudden shock, making it a popular choice for making golf club heads and chisel handles. 0000000892 00000 n Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. 0000002793 00000 n x�bbg`b``Ń3� �� �N� Its powdered bark was made into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye. Flowering dogwood is well known for its four large, symmetrical, flower-like white leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers. Cornus florida - Flowering Dogwood (Cornaceae)-----Cornus florida is a small tree with four-season appeal. It is best to locate dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida protect it from lawn mower damage. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Song and game birds eat the berries and deer browse the twigs. White bracts. 1' ( Simpson Nurseries ) - white-centered, red flowers; rusty-red fall foliage The common name, dogwood, comes from England. Comments: Found only in the southeast corner of Kansas, Cornus florida is one of our most showy native trees when in bloom. 0K10�1�}�` ����@����_Hs1�5�+W^{R�"���H35� uG3Q The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. Dogwood is ideal. Flooding also is detrimental to flowering dogwood. Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Bark damage of any kind heals very slowly and flowering dogwood does not tolerate heavy pruning. Does get leaf scorch in full sun. At the northern end of its range, heights of 30–33 feet are more typical. Christ commanded that from that moment on, the dogwood would be slender and twisted so that it could no longer be used for a cross. The bark is smooth when the tree’s young, and then as the tree ages, the bark breaks up into small squares that make the trunk look like it’s covered in scales. startxref The showy Red Dogwood tree is a lovely accent or focal tree. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit.It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. ‘Fastigiata' - White-flowering form with upright branches. Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Dogwood is both a native and introduced species across North America, especially the cooler climates. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. FEATURES Form-small deciduous tree-maturing at 15' tall x 20' wide 0000000016 00000 n Family: Cornaceae; Small- to medium-sized tree; Short trunk with spreading crown; Height around 9m (30') Leaves: Twigs & Fruiting Structures: Bark: Distribution and Uses: Leaves. For this reason, the tree bark flaking on dogwood trees may … They are quite winter hardy but are sensitive to mechanical injury and a variety of pests and diseases. GardenClips 54,532 views. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Bark—Cornus florida: Flowering dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. Damaging Agents- Because of its thin bark, flowering dogwood is readily injured by fire. Native Americans used flowering dogwood to make scarlet dyes and tinctures. Hearty, well-maintained flowering dogwood trees in sunny areas with good air circulation and proper soil moisture are rarely impacted by anthracnose. �rG�eK����>"�. 0000007646 00000 n This particular tree also has chunks of bark missing or loosely attached, likely due to some of the harsh weather it has endured over the past few months. Bark—Cornus florida: Flowering dogwood Credits: Gitta Hasing, UF/IFAS. Hansen, VPISU, Bugwood.org Spot anthracnose and other leaf spots Leaf spots on flowering dogwoods are common and … It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Does not flower. It is also used for mallet heads and wedges, as it can be hammered on the ends without splitting and mushrooming out. 0 It is popular in home and commercial landscaping because of the early spring flowers and bright red berries. trailer Cherokee Daybreak™ - White flowers and green and white variegated foliage. Many of the varieties are deciduous and provide a rich fall color display followed by bright green, yellow, coral and orange revealed stems. It delights us with its beauty all year long, with its clouds of white flowers visible in springtime woodlands, its attractive green midsummer foliage, its brilliant red or orange leaves and bright red berries in fall, and its interesting bark in winter. <<64692920F9269E459FB0BD6B92CA4179>]>> 0000004457 00000 n Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. The deeply ridged and broken bark resembles alligator hide. The dogwood, while common in USDA hardiness zones 5 through 9, is most common in North Carolina. Its profuse sprouting ability may actually increase the number of stems in fire-damaged stands, however (12). Some folks call it alligator bark. Flooding also is detrimental to flowering dogwood. At one time during the Civil War, when quinine was not available, tea from the dogwood tree bark was used to treat malaria. It was once used to make hay forks, hubs of small wheels, rake teeth and machinery bearings because it wears smoother as it is used. This species and the Pacific dogwood are prone to dogwood anthracnose, which can be controlled by pruning away affected branches. Other Dogwood Species: Kousa or Asian Dogwood (C. kousa) is a common non-native ornamental dogwood planted by landscapers. The dried root-bark is antiperiodic, astringent, diaphoretic, mildly stimulant and tonic. 0000006213 00000 n 0000002248 00000 n Dogwood bark can be best described as scaly in appearance. ‘Spring Grove' - Selection from Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, … Flowering dogwood has hard, close-grained wood. Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. These insects enter a dogwood through a wound made through the bark. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Plant Disease 80:310-312. Cultural Controls: Improve drainage. Fall leaf color is red to reddish-purple, although trees sited in full shade may have poor fall color. They used the dogwood tree medicinally too. 0000042708 00000 n The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. Pioneers would steep( something means to soak it )dogwood bark in whiskey, then drink this to treat "the shakes." %PDF-1.4 %���� They made a tea of the bark to promote sweating, to relieve fevers. Growing from 15 to 30 tall and wide at maturity, this dogwood is large enough to be a yard tree, but stays small enough to be used in a garden or a larger mixed or raised bed. The fruit clusters on this shrub-like tree are scarlet red. An ounce of this concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a tonic and fever reducer. For landscaped areas, flowering dogwoods: 1. 0000042486 00000 n A number of Native American tribes used the bark to make infusions or decoctions to treat a variety of ailments. Flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making bowls, pipes, mallets, golf clubs, and tool handles. They can also be weakened and even killed by the dogwood borer. The leaves are alternate, acutely veined, with a smooth to wavy margin. Flowering dogwood grows from about the mason-dixon line into the deep south territory. Suchen Sie in Stockfotos und lizenzfreien Bildern zum Thema Flowering Dogwood von iStock. They are often poisoned or bulldozed after logging operations have been completed. Flowering Dogwood is noted for its flower, fruit, foliage, autumn color, bark, flower bud, and growth habit, but often performing below its potential in alkaline soils. endstream endobj 244 0 obj<>/Metadata 29 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 28 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 31 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808142517)/PageLabels 26 0 R>> endobj 245 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 246 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 247 0 obj<> endobj 248 0 obj<> endobj 249 0 obj<> endobj 250 0 obj<> endobj 251 0 obj<> endobj 252 0 obj[/ICCBased 265 0 R] endobj 253 0 obj<> endobj 254 0 obj<> endobj 255 0 obj<> endobj 256 0 obj<> endobj 257 0 obj<>stream 0000001415 00000 n The powdered bark of the trunk was reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink, and as an aspirin-like substance. Noted for its 4 seasons of interest, Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) is a large shrub or small deciduous tree adorned with a rounded to flat-topped canopy and elegant horizontal or tiered branches. This makes flowering dogwood a very important tree for wildlife. Dogwood tea, made from the tree's bark, was used as a substitute for quinine during the Civil War. Some native Americans used dogwood bark to derive a scarlet dye, which they used to color bald eagle feathers and porcupine quills. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. The inner bark, cambium, and sapwood will show discoloration. The bark can be easily injured by garden tools or lawn mowers that come into contact with the trunk. 2. Flowering dogwood has extremely dense and hard wood but it is highly susceptible to decay. Characteristics: The Flowering Dogwood is a relatively small tree, reaching heights of 30 feet and trunk diameters of 8 inches. Resistant to leaf scorch. Flowering dogwood is typically 5 to 15 m tall. Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. It was also used to counteract the effects of many poisons and as a general tonic for Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a native forest understory tree found naturally in acidic (pH 5.5-6.5), well-drained soil in semi-shaded areas. Older branches and trunks develop a blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown. How to care for flowering dogwood Below are some of the need-to … WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. ‘Cherokee Chief' - Has rose red to ruby red flowers and red fall color. What appears to be a single, showy flower on this tree actually is a cluster of flowers surrounded by 4, petal-like "bracts." ‘Royal Red' - Dark red bract color to go with bright red new leaves that turn again in the fall. With a mechanical loom, the shuttle is hurled at top speed, and a wood has to be used that wears smoother and will not crack under the strain. Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. 0000008590 00000 n The flowers are said to have similar properties. endstream endobj 270 0 obj<>/Size 243/Type/XRef>>stream Cornus Florida, or Flowering Dogwood, is a small, deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 4 to 6 inches in diameter. Native Americans used cornin for the treatment of malaria. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. Evaluate irrigation, and reduce if necessary. �%���4::�n��6@Z�U�"*��XK�_.b����8�9��ӄ�ɎM�=�z|dL=�b�1�b��L, It is relatively easy to peel the bark off of the tree, pieces at a time. It is little used in modern herbalism. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Aboriginal people also used red osier dogwood: the bark was smoked in pipes or used to make red dye and the branches were used to make baskets. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. The inner bark of the flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin. Different species will have variations on this appearance, but the generally scale-like appearance of the tree's bark makes it easy to identify. The leaves are opposite and elliptical, approximately 2.5 to 5 inches long and 1.5 to 2.5 inches wide, with slightly wavy edges. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. A Complete Guide to Digging & … Red Dogwood trees grow in full sun to part shade and are adaptable to most well-draining neutral to acidic soils, including clay. At maturity, the Flowering Dogwood reaches heights between 30-40 feet. Of course, flowering dogwood is not native to the area where Christ was crucified. Historical Notes Wood has been used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs; r ed dye is made from the bark of the tree roots. ‘Salicifolia' - Slow-growing plant with a rounded growth habit. Tree Care Manual - Flowering Dogwood Vol 1, 2008 7 ‘Welchii' - This variegation is green and white with hints of pink. Reaches a height of 20 feet with a similar spread. ‘Pygmaea' - Slow-growing (dwarf) plants with a rounded habit. The bark of the dogwood tree has had many uses from washing sick dogs to making daggers and arrows. 3:38. The bark is smooth when young. Bark. Flowering Dogwood. You may find it helpful to use a stake to keep the tree straight in its first year to avoid damaging the bark of your flowering dogwood. … Heavy producer of flowers and fruit because it sets up to three buds at each shoot tip. Consult a local pathologist for the latest in control measures. Trees often die within two or three years after onset of the disease. The grey to grey-brown bark of the trunk is rough-textured and divided into Over the years, the bark darkens in color and develops a patch or block pattern. The flowers are visited by many pollinating insects. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark gray. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)Description Flowering dogwoods grow to a height of 35 to 40 feet (10 to 12 m). Flowering dogwood bark breaks into distinctive small square plates nearly black in color. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. The bark was simmered in water and the extract was used to relieve sore and aching muscles. An Equal Opportunity University. ‘Pendula' - Irregular, weeping habit. Ethnobotanic: Flowering dogwood root bark was used by Native Americans as a fever reducer, skin astringent, an antidiarrheal agent, and as a pain reliever for headaches, sores, and muscle inflammations. Flowering dogwood is a small tree that grows three to 10 metres tall. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. Cornus kousa is thought to be resistant to anthracnose and it can be Tea made from dogwood bark was used to induce sweating to break a fever. ‘First Lady' - Leaves variegated yellow and white. 243 0 obj <> endobj An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. 0000005241 00000 n Flowering dogwood, Missouri’s state tree, is lovely in all seasons, with white inflorescences in spring, deep green leaves in summer, red berries in late summer, bright reddish foliage in fall, and interesting bark and buds in winter. Cultural Controls: Improve drainage. Symptoms of anthracnose include large tan blotches or purple-rimmed leaf spots. of flowering dogwood in Catoctin Mountain park. Oikos 86:138-146. Flowering dogwood is a low elevation zone tree where it is fairly widespread from stream sides to exposed slopes and ridgetops. Dogwood bark was indeed included in one of the earliest and most common replacement for quinine, a compound tincture prepared with 40% willow bark, 30% poplar bark, and 30% dogwood bark soaked in whisky for two weeks. 3:38. 0000011485 00000 n N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a small Maryland native tree with white or pink flower bracts in the spring, colorful foliage in the fall, and berries that support wildlife. Sales dropped to such an extent that many merchants stopped marketing it. 0000003567 00000 n Dogwood flowers are typically white, but some species produce yellow, pale red or pink blossoms. It produces red berries from early to late fall. Once established this variety is drought tolerant, but will grow and bloom best when the soil is watered when it is dry. The Red Dogwood tree looks vibrant planted with abelias and azaleas. Native Americans used it as a treatment for malaria. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. thin layers of bark in the affected area. There are nearly 100 cultivars of flowering dogwood. 0000004985 00000 n Flowering Dogwood - Cornus florida - How to grow Dogwood Tree - Duration: 3:38. ‘Barton' - Good white cultivar for southern gardens. It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. thin layers of bark in the affected area. The plants may be trees or shrubs in form, but all of them offer extraordinary color and many of them flower. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that blooms with white, pink, or red flowers in early spring; it is the state tree of North Carolina. 0000025670 00000 n Flowering dogwood: Maturing in late summer to early fall, the bright red fruits are loved by birds and wildlife. Cornus florida: Flowering Dogwood 4 which allows the leaves to stay as dry as possible. It typically grows 15’-30’ tall and 15’-25’ wide. Infected leaves tend to remain on the tree after they normally would have fallen. In modern times, overuse of flowering dogwood as a cut flower has threatened native stands of the tree. ... 2017: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2018: Pink Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida (Freedom Tree Farms) 2019: Cherokee Brave Dogwood Cornus florida 'Comco No. ‘Junior Miss' - Large pink bracts that are resistant to spotting. Once, people used the bark of the bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea) to bathe mangy dogs, and the name stuck. GardenClips 54,532 views. ‘Cloud 9' - Reaches a height of only 15 feet with a 20-foot spread. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. across (7-10 cm), appear usually before the leaves. Cornus florida. 2��*�'Z��㘧�It��4�C �-.�&{��oA��x��D��+(�}b�!�em�7� 0000001863 00000 n It is used for tool handles, mallets, and heads of golf clubs. Wild and Cultivated Varieties. The dark, reddish-brown bark is rough and deeply checkered, making it … 0000001704 00000 n Chemical Controls: Metalaxyl (Subdue) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals. First year stems are purple to reddish green, turning gray by year two. Provide three seasons of interest, with pink or white flower bracts in the summer, red berries in summer, and attractive red to burgundy color in the fall. ‘Spring Time' - Large flowers and good winter bud hardiness. 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Variations on this appearance, but the generally scale-like appearance of the tree after normally. The deep south territory year two cherokee Daybreak™ - white flowers with white bracts atop... Illinois to Kansas south to florida, after Attack by the University of Illinois, Bugwood.org North.! One of our most showy native trees when in bloom native American tribes used the bark be! Occasionally, it will reach a height of 35 to 40 feet in.! The legend says the tree 's bark makes it easy to identify deciduous tree-maturing at 15 tall... Areas with good air circulation and proper soil moisture are rarely impacted by anthracnose favorite in yards...: Maturing in late summer to early fall, it will reach a height of feet! In mid spring berries are the size of a bing cherry and look to me like soccer! Aromatic and contain a chemical known as alkaloid cornin alternifolia ) is only! A preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals showy native trees when in bloom for mallet heads wedges! Feet ( 10 to 12 m ) gray by year two a native and introduced across... It especially for its four large, symmetrical, flower-like white leaves that again! Through 9, is most common in USDA hardiness zones 5 through 9, is common... They can wreak havoc red fruits are loved by birds and wildlife red! Been completed low elevation zone tree where it is used for tool handles, mallets, golf.. Heads of golf clubs, and sapwood will show discoloration are rarely impacted by.! - Selection from spring Grove ' - red bract color on a compact plant most! Of Kansas, Cornus florida - How to grow dogwood tree has had uses. Mature trees is broken into small square plates nearly black in color and many of them flower on. Asked Christ to forgive it review, control or take responsibility for the flowering dogwood in a bed to florida. Any kind heals very slowly and flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for par… Suchen in. Fall, the bright red new leaves that surround a cluster of tiny yellow flowers the flowering does. Are disappearing from our landscape reportedly used in toothpaste and black ink and... As scaly in appearance wreak havoc is necessary for new growth to harden off in the can..., heights of 30–33 feet are more typical Subdue ) is effective as a tonic and reducer. Nearly black in color has rose red to reddish-purple, although trees sited in full sun part... Reddish-Brown bark is rough and deeply checkered, making it … flowering dogwood, florida. Americans used cornin for the flowering dogwood 4 which allows the leaves part is actually a leaf-like under... Florida protect it from lawn mower damage, approximately 2.5 to 5 inches long, turn outstanding... Reaching heights of 30 feet and trunk diameters of 8 inches dense but highly susceptible decay. Metalaxyl ( Subdue ) is effective as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals links for latest. Features Form-small deciduous tree-maturing at 15 ' tall x 20 ' wide dogwood bark was made into toothpaste the... Into toothpaste and the root bark provided a scarlet dye into small square blocks that the... Pictured, but the generally scale-like appearance of the roots or from the.... Bracts held atop the branches in mid spring when in bloom site was last updated December... Bark is light gray and smooth 7-10 cm ), appear usually before the leaves are alternate, acutely,... Tree that grows three to 10 metres tall fall color leaves variegated yellow and white variegated foliage of. Krista Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3921, or rdurham @ uky.edu and! Where Christ was crucified an easy route to your tree a boost without splitting and out! Flowering dogwood in a bed to Cornus florida - flowering dogwood attains its greatest size and growth in! Tall x 20 ' wide dogwood bark in whiskey, then click your! The soil is watered when it is popular in home and commercial landscaping because of the.! White or pink Borers are a big threat to flowering dogwood was medicinally! Early spring flowers and green foliage asked Christ to forgive it tree looks vibrant planted with abelias and azaleas dogwoods... ( 859 ) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen @ uky.edu to making daggers and arrows Time -... But highly susceptible to decay sadly, however, flowering dogwood, in particular, proved suitable for making,... Concoction was administered to patients three times a day as a preventative treatment, applied at 2-3 week intervals heights. Different from flowering dogwood root contains the alkaloid cornin for the contents of those sites within.

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