It's easier to fix soil problems before your new lawn is in place. Use a rake to break it … Use your feet to firm the soil for grass seed (you don’t want it to sink or settle once the seed is in) and then rake again to loosen the surface. If your soil is heavy and clay-like, add some fine gravel to improve drainage and add compost or well-rotted organic matter to add nutrients which your soil might be deficient in. Grass seed is generally rather sensitive to temperature, so choosing the right time of year to plant it is important. Once you prepare your seed bed and hand rake the area you can apply the grass seed starting fertilizer. The final step is to build up some moisture in the soil if things are dry. Use weedkiller, or hand weed. This is unusual but may be required for very heavy clay areas. You can only affect to about 5cm deep when treading or rolling which means it needs to be done as the layers are put down. Preparation. Should I spray Roundup again and till soil after weeds are gone? This is crucial if you are creating a lawn from seed because you can only water lightly and gently once the seed is in otherwise you’ll start washing it out. If you rush and make a mess of the preparation, even the best grass seed or the best turf won’t help. This will create a surface which is as flat as possible. Using seed instead of turf has several advantages; other than the cost, there’s a huge range of seed mixes available, and seed is much better for those hard to reach areas such as corners and slopes. Sow a grass and wildflower seed mix at 4 grams to the sq metre. If you don’t do it, the ground will settle as it rains and your lawn will become bumpy and uneven very quickly. All Rights Reserved. With most of your weight on your heels just shuffle and tread up and down the area moving your feet about half a foot length each time. This is done supposedly to add a smooth finish and improve drainage. And if perfection is your goal then consider bringing in double screened (1/4” sieved) sandy loam topsoil for the top few inches. This is good preparation work. Step 2: Rotavate the Soil. The addition of sand or sharp sand to lighten heavy soil is possible but it does require … Using Sand. If you have had a soil test done now is the time to plan and order those amendments that you are going to make. With the tiller, apply it to the … I really like Rolawn’s Turf and Seeding Topsoil as it comes with pre-seeding fertiliser already added. Thoroughly remove any old grass and weeds, either by hand or by using a weedkiller spray. When adding soil or organics do so in stages and NEVER layer one soil on top of another without blending by digging or rotovating. As with all weed killers this only works when things warm up so timing is between April and September. I used Roundup on one area of lawn, 2 weeks later weeds began to appear again. This will activate the fertiliser and the moisture will provide good contact between the soil and turf or seed. Fork over the site and rake level to leave a fine finish. This is what true professionals will do as it is the only way to squeeze out air pockets and remove any likelihood of sinking later on. Treading is really the only way to firm up the soil and you need to be thorough. The soil pH is very important when planting grass seed. This may seem unnecessary hard work particularly if your next step is to dig or rotovate the area. The secret to creating a beautiful lawn is thorough preparation. After removing all stones and other rubbish from the lawn area, you must prepare the ground. I'm a professional gardener with degrees in Horticulture & Landscape Gardening. Lawnsmith Ltd. All rights reserved. Using a rotary tiller makes this easy. For a fine ornamental lawn, choose a seed mixture that doesn’t contain any coarse grasses, such as ryegrass. Steps discussed: 1. This is done to improve your lawn's overall look and health, thicken your grass, minimize weeds, fill in bare or damaged areas, or convert to another type of lawn grass. Dig or till the area. Growing season is almost upon us, (actually we know a few who have already begun in warmer parts of the UK) so now’s the time to prepare for sowing grass seed in spring 2018. Double dig or rotovate the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cms). In order to create the best looking lawn you can, you should allow yourself plenty of time to prepare the ground. The good news is that preparing the ground for laying turf or sowing seed is a simple task. Landscape Grass Seed… Sowing seed into a well-prepared seed bed will improve seed germination times and help to ensure more even establishment over the whole area. GardenSeeker.com is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.co.uk. WARNING: After each addition and blending of soil you should consolidate the layer by treading or using a medium roller over the entire area. Above 7 is considered alkaline, and below is considered acidic. You can sow Lawn UK lawn seed mixtures at any time from late March to mid-October providing that in periods of unusually dry weather the seedbed is kept constantly moist until the grass is about 6cm (2.5 inches) high. On l… Even if you don’t create your new lawn until October, the hard work will have already been done. I use Rolawn’s GroRight Lawn Establishment Fertiliser. Then start seeding. I like to give myself a good 8 weeks to prepare the ground so if you plan on creating your new lawn in September, start preparing the ground in July. Most grass seeds are applied at a rate of 5lbs per 1,000 square feet but look on the bag of seed or speak to your seed dealer for application rates. The video below shows you how to level soil before laying turf or sowing seed with a tool called a ‘Lute’ made with a few bits of wood. You need to tread every square inch of the prepared area so make sure you’ve got plenty of Radox because you’ll need a good soak afterwards! If possible, protect the area from birds and domestic pets, chicken wire is ideal but probably impractical except for small areas. For best results, give yourself a couple of months to do it. Seeding a lawn is a precise business and requires careful preparation to encourage proper seed germination and growth. This will reduce the occurrence of future weeds and weed grasses in your new lawn. Repeated treading will be required for an ornamental lawn as will the use of boards, levels and string to get a perfectly flat finish. The soil is warm from the Summer’s sun, there are very few weed seeds in the air and the rain comes to help water the area and encourage quick establishment and growth. Although it means hard work and physical exercise, the basic fact of life is that the better you prepare the seedbed, the better your lawn will be. Use ground limestone or dolomitic limestone only. It takes time but pays dividends in giving a flat firm finish. Use glyphosate as this degrades on contact with the soil leaving no harmful residue. How and when to sow wildflower seed. No matter if you have clay-like soil or sandy soil, the addition of compost will always help. Making the soil for an ornamental lawn too alkaline is detrimental to the finer grasses and will promote weeds and weed grasses. The team at Turfonline offer advice on choosing and sowin g grass seed, and guidance around how long it takes for grass seed to grow. It’s important to get the chemical nutrients into the soil before laying turf or sowing grass seed. The quality of lawn you are constructing will determine how far you go with this process. Your goal is a firm, weed-free, well-drained soil that’s clear of rocks, rubble and clay lumps. Friable is the word used to describe the result we wish to achieve; a crumbly soil that is neither great clods of clay nor a loose sandy beach! If your soil is sandy and free-draining, add some compost or well-rotted organic matter to improve water retention. That said, different breeds of grass have different planting periods. Spray the area with a Glyphosate-based weed killer. There are no secrets when it comes to successfully sowing grass seed, but it all must start with good preparation. Preparing a Seed Bed The better the preparation of your soil before sowing, the better results you are likely to achieve so it is important to put the time and effort in to getting it right following the step by step plan below. Addition of organics and humus to poor, very sandy or heavy clay soils, Addition of sandy loam top soil to light clay soils, Addition of loam top soil if the depth of existing soil is less than 4", Addition of pre-seeding or pre-turfing fertiliser such as, Finally add lot 3 and incorporate into the top 10cm only, For 4” or 10cm of new soil split into 2 lots and start as for lot 2, For 2” or 5cm of soil incorporate into the top 10cm only, For organics or lime incorporate at 10 to 15cm as for or with lot 2, If you’re laying turf, weed seeds will not be too much of a problem, If you’re seeding, increase the amount of grass seed to outcompete potential weed seeds, If you have time to leave the prepared ground for a while to allow weed seeds to germinate then do so. Heavy clay soils benefit the most from the addition of sand but they are also the hardest to blend. If there isn’t enough soil to dig at least 15cm deep, you’ll need to add some. Always water with a fine spray; to great a force of water will displace the seeds. Shuffle back and forth across the surface, using your heels to firm the soil. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Eliminate perennial weeds such as couch grass or bindweed well before beginning to prepare the seed bed. Different types of grass seeds require different amounts of irrigation. It is recommended for fast germination and establishment grass seed needs warm soil, around 6-8 degrees Celsius, which means air temperature is around 10 degrees Celsius and plenty of moisture. Choose one that breaks down on contact with soil like Elixir’s Glyphosate Weed Killer Concentrate. Watering will also settle the ground so if you haven’t heeled it properly it gives you an opportunity to correct it before seeding or turfing. If you’ve forgotten to add your pre-seeding starter fertiliser you can add it now or just prior to seeding or turfing. Once you’ve trod the area start raking again to reduce bumps and fill depressions. I like to use Rolawn’s Soil Improving Compost for larger areas but any compost, well-rotted organic material or manure will do. You need to do this through a combination of scarifying and cutting. Be careful not to … I like to use a landscapers or hay rake for this because the flat back allows me to push and move soil around. After a few weeks, water the area again (or the rain might help if you’re lucky) to see if or where the ground puddles. Improve the soil. Less depth, say 10cms is okay but if you’re going to the trouble of digging it up you might as well do it thoroughly. However, if you like to do a job well, it’s worth taking the extra time. For clay soils, mix … Prepare the soil by skimming off any old grass, removing large stones and weeds, and then roughly levelling. It may be a good time to invest in a sprinkler or a hand-held hose attachment - … Water the area thoroughly and let the area settle for a least 48 hours. You can sow grass seed in spring or autumn. Puddles form in low spots so these are the areas that need attention. Time It Right. At any stage during lawn preparation be prepared to pick up or rake out stones and debris such as roots. As such, it’s worth taking the time to do it properly. Do this a few days before seeding so that the surface is dry enough to rake without sticking to your shoes during the seed sowing stage. Unfortunately, existing turf will not break up readily thereby making it harder work to rotovate or dig. If the bed of soil below that is still heavy clay then go further or call in a professional to lay drainage. Grass seed is the cheapest way to create a new lawn. Rake the soil to a fine finish. A 100% wildflower seed mix at 1.5 gram. This, too, is very important. Seed Lawn Preparation. As a result, many people skip this step. The flatter you can make the area, the better your lawn will look when it’s laid. http://NaturesFinestSeed.com/grass-seed In this video we explain how to prepare soil for planting grass seed. Ensure you’ve killed off all the weeds before sowing grass seed. In addition the old turf will cause a bumpy lawn containing air pockets which will then increase the bumpiness over time. See TREADING in the 'Penultimate Step' below. I want to help you create the garden of your dreams. This involves treading the soil with very small steps with your weight over your heels to firm up the soil. Whatever type of wildflower seed you sow the key to success is in the preparation. Start off by raking the area to a reasonably smooth level. This removes air from the layer preventing settling later on. Clear the area of vegetation and debris; Dig or rotovate the soil to a depth of at least 15cm. PREPARATION. Now you’ve prepared the ground and you’re waiting for your turf or grass seed to arrive, it’s a good idea to water the soil. You cannot skip this part. It’s the equivalent of kneading dough to make bread. In the area where you want to grow the grass, use a shovel or tiller to turn over … Too mach water applied in the early days can float the individual seeds into concentrations. If you’ve dug or rotovated the area, use a landscaping rake to break down any large lumps and create a tilth that looks a bit like the top of an apple crumble. The video below from Rolawn shows how to prepare the ground, step-by-step. Choosing grass seed There’s a wide range of grass seed to choose from, according to what you want the end result to be. Most grass seeds require a starter fertilizer to boost initial growth, but the application must be done carefully because the seeds will easily suffer from too much or … Do this with either a gardening fork, spade or mechanical rotavator. Grass seed should germinate and show within 7 to 21 days depending upon the weather, do not walk on it during this period. This does take more time and also adds to the expense of creating a new lawn. Make sure you wait for the right time of year to plant new grass seed. If you’re a perfectionist and not in a rush, leave the soil open to the elements and let it settle for a period of 2-4 weeks. This is perfect for grass health and to promote excellent rooting. Read more. These may include: Caution: Sand or sandy loams mixed into very heavy sticky clay soils can set like concrete so if you are trying to amend a heavy clay soil it is best to remove it and replace it with an appropriate sandy loam down to a depth of at least six inches preferably a foot. However, if you take your time and do it right, you newly laid turf or seeded lawn will be a thing of beauty. It is best to dig the area over as deep as you can; there really is no substitute for this. However, it makes a huge difference in how well your lawn establishes and grows in the long term. Most plants prefer a neutral soil, meaning on a scale from 1 to 14, the pH will have to be around 7. Rake the area flat until the whole area is as even as you can get it. What do you do to prepare it for overseeding with a wildflower seed mix? Preparing the ground for grass seed or turf is fairly straight forward although it can be hard work. This final stage completes the preparation and readies the lawn area for sowing grass seed or laying turf. Getting ready for the grass planting, giving the seed grass the best start. Lawn Seed. Do not use residual weedkiller, as it can remain in the soil and will prevent the grass from germinating. This step isn’t strictly necessary if you’re laying a family or utility lawn. If you’re planting … For quantities that are less than this incorporate as follows: The process of tilling the ground will have brought weed seeds to the surface which will germinate into your new lawn. Sow March to May or August to early October. Rotovate at least twice and if the depth and tilth are not reasonably uniform repeat the process again at right angles if possible or use a garden fork to break up any large clods and make the area more uniform. The amounts should be given to you by the laboratory that did your soil analysis. Prepare the soil well by digging over, removing weeds and raking level. Good Preparation Good preparation will get you great results. If the area already exists as a lawn or has plants in it kill the whole area first if you have time. Clear the area you are preparing If sowing in autumn, the seed will germinate quickly as the ground is warm and moist. How to Prepare a New Seed Bed for Grass. The 8 stages in creating a new lawn from grass seed. Keep the soil damp at all times, but never provide sufficient water to wash away the grass seeds. Moisten the soil carefully, using a fine spray from a hose sprayer. Generally, Autumn is the best time for laying turf or sowing grass seed. © 2020 The finer the soil is, the better contact it will have with the turf when you lay it or the grass seed when you sow it. When you should sow grass seed. How to Prepare the Ground For Turf or Grass Seed, Step-by-Step Step 1: Remove Old Turf, Plants and Weeds. Sports Grass Seed. Also, remember that the soil in your area is probably a few degrees cooler than the air itself. So, add a pre-seeding fertiliser to the soil. Disclaimer: Gardenseeker is a free resource, with everything from gardening tips to product reviews. You can do this by using either a heavy roller or heeling again. Seems like they would come back as they did the first spray. Dig or rotavate to a depth of at least 15cm (20cm – 25cm is even better) and remove as much debris as possible – rubble, roots, stones etc. I often see sand layered at about 1” deep on top of prepared ground prior to seeding or turfing. So, September and October are always good months. You’ll need to dig the soil at least 15cm deep and turn it over thoroughly. You can do it quicker but the results won’t be nearly as good. We supply grass seed for lawns, landscaping, paddocks, sports and agriculture, plus a range of fertiliser, spreaders and wildflowers, all at great value prices. We are reader-supported: © 2020 GardenSeeker.com. Once you’ve cleared the area and killed any remaining weed, grass or … You should then spray the area with a glyphosate weedkiller a week prior to seeding. Like any other job, the end result is only as good as the preparation that has gone before it. If a dry period occurs in this period, use a gentle watering technique (a garden sprinkler or hose with a fine spray attachment pointed skywards) to keep the top of the soil moist. This will also affect the pH of the finished job so it’s worth getting a pH for the new soil. The first thing to do is clear the area where your new lawn is going to be laid or sown. As if I was there doing it all for you! If you’ve got the energy and inclination tread again in a different direction, rake to level and repeat one last time. In this article, I’m going to show you, in 9 simple steps, how to prepare the ground for turf and grass seed. Dig or rotovate the site to a … Once you’ve levelled the soil, it’s time to tread it, or ‘heel it’ as some people say. Once everything is dead, perhaps after a couple of weeks, strip off any turf with a spade, turf iron or petrol turf cutter available from Hire Shops. In my humble opinion this does nothing for drainage, may well affect the grass negatively and at best is a poor substitute for a properly prepared and smoothed surface. So, you have a promising site with what looks like fine grasses. Your fertiliser should be incorporated at the end of this stage. You can do several things at this stage to reduce the impact: The addition of sand or sharp sand to lighten heavy soil is possible but it does require to be very well blended with your existing soil. I want your garden to look like it’s maintained by a professional. Knowing this will indicate how you need to improve the soil quality. If this happens stop and let the ground dry a little otherwise you could be causing drainage problems later on. You should remove every last piece of plant material from the area. Paddock Grass Seed. Either add soil to those areas or flatten the high spots. When adding lime do so as evenly as possible otherwise you will have different pH values and therefore different growth properties throughout the lawn. If you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission which helps maintain the site. Once you have applied a fertiliser, rake it into the top 25mm of soil. If you’re adding lime be careful not to overdo it. Our easy to follow guide outlines the steps you may need to take to get the best results. Starting grass from seed can result in a lush green lawn within a few months. Seed bed preparation. Don't hesitate to get in touch for any help or advice. There’s nothing complicated about it but it does take time and hard work if you want to create the best finish you can. It doesn’t matter if you’re laying turf, or sowing grass seed, the ground preparation is exactly the same. The greater the quantity or depth of amendment will affect the steps you will take to incorporate it. Adding 6” or 15 cm of new soil. Germination may be slightly slower in spring. Grass seed – sowing, preparation and aftercare If you want a good-looking lawn but don’t want the hassle or expense of buying and laying turf, try creating it from seed. Heavy soils will break up more easily when they are on the dry side which will also prevent them from smearing on the rotovator blades. From this you will see that there is a thorough mixing of the old and new soils, the old soil has been well broken up and the soil profile is light and freely draining at the surface with the moisture holding clay layer deep down. You should take your time and be as thorough as possible. The Best Time of Year For Preparing Ground For Turf or Grass Seed, How to Prepare the Ground For Turf or Grass Seed, Step-by-Step, Step 1: Remove Old Turf, Plants and Weeds, Step 3: Decide Whether You Need a Soil Improver, Pruning Amelanchier – The Serviceberry Or Juneberry, Pruning Azaleas & Rhododendrons – When & How To Prune & Dead Head, Pruning Acers – How & When To Prune Japanese Maples, Pruning Mock Orange – Philadelphus – How And When To Prune, Pruning Hydrangeas Macrophylla – Mopheads & Lacecaps. TREADING: Next comes the old fashioned art of ‘treading’ or ‘heeling’ the soil surface. Existing turf will not break up readily thereby making it harder work rotovate. To 20 cms ) manure will do rake out stones and weeds, and website in this browser the. Well-Drained soil that ’ s worth taking the extra time before beginning to prepare it for overseeding with a weedkiller... Grasses, such as roots it makes a huge difference in how well your will! 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