Which viburnum? L. N│E. It is of wide distribution in N. America, ranging across the continent in high latitudes, south in the mountains. Edwin Beckett, the garden manager at Aldenham, suggested that the name fructu-luteo should be used for a form with fruits pink at first, becoming dark chrome yellow, slightly tinged with pink (Gard. Cymes 2 to 3 in. Many other species, no doubt, have fruits as beautiful, but they do not set them in our gardens with the certainty of this. Anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, shores of rivers or lakes, swamps, wetland margins (edges of wetlands), Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. Along forest edges and hedgerows, these shrubs provide important cover to small mammals and birds. state. cv. long, with two thin linear stipules at the base and large, concave glands near the leaf-blade. The name ‘Guelder Rose’, now used for the species as a whole, originally belonged exclusively to this double form and suggests that it originated in the region of the Netherlands known as Gelderland. NH, The fungus is mostly found on the upper leaf surface, but also may be found on the lower leaf surface. Raf. popular Names: Guelder-Rose, water elder, cramp bark, snowball tree and European cranberry bush They are superficially similar to many maple leaves, but have a somewhat wrinkled surface and impressed venation. ssp. The leaves occur opposite, are simple, 3-lobed and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4”) long. opulus. Its leaves are 3⁄4 to 11⁄2 in. CT, MA, ME, Viburnum is a genus of about 150–175 species of flowering plants in the moschatel family Adoxaceae. V. trilobum Marsh. A similar species that is native to North America is Viburnum trilobum [American Cranberrybush Viburnum], but more recently this plant is classified as a variety (varietas, var.) – which comes partly true when raised from seeds (see D. Wyman, Shrubs and Vines (1969), p. 494). VT. Subspecies There are currently no active references in this article. V. opulus var. americana), and downy arrowwood (V. rafinesquianum) are especially attractive to the pest and frequently suffer V. trilobum Marsh. Powdery mildew of viburnum primarily affects young leaves and shoots. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. Sear the stem end in boiling water for 45 seconds and it will last for 2 weeks in a vase. It has lovely lime green leaves, and is a hardy shrub. Your help is appreciated. americanum Ait. (Marsh.) The large serrated lobed leaves … Opposite, simple, broad and three-lobed with coarse, serrated edges and sparse fine hairs on the underside. Pests Causing Yellow Leaves on Viburnum Aphids can cause big problems for viburnums, including puckered, yellowing leaves. populations both exist in a county, only native status Express key ID tutorial Guide to viburnums by David Swaciak. It also forms the best backdrop for tulips and wallflowers in the garden. In ‘Onondaga’ the young leaves are coloured deep bronze and retain a tinge of that colour when older. cv. We depend on They are 5–10cm long, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins. ; V. o. pauciflorum Raf. County documented: documented 91 (1966), p. 519 and fig. It also has scarlet fruit in autumn. The individual florets grow in clusters usually found at the ends … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. This appears to have been a rather weak-growing plant; it received an Award of Merit, however. of Viburnum opulus and designated Viburnum opulus. wide. State documented: documented For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. Discover thousands of New England plants. Free fruiting. the state. ‘Aureum’. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. Blooms midspring, bearing lace-cap flowers to 4 inches across. Take a close look at your browning viburnum leaves. across, with a border of sterile, showy white flowers, 3⁄4 in. 251). V. sargentii Koehne – An ally of V. opulus in N.E. Chinese Viburnums The emphasis in these bushes is on the perfumed flowers, sometimes pink, which are in tight, rounded heads and open with the first warm days of spring. Viburnum opulus L. var. americanum Ait. Snowball bush (Viburnum opulus) Commonly known as the Guelder rose, or snowball bush, this variety, as the name suggests, produces large, round clusters of white flowers. VT. Swamps, wetland margins, shorelines; also introduced to field edges, roadsides, and abandoned lots. Previously viburnums were included in the plant family Caprifoliaceae; however, recently they have been moved into the family Adoxaceae, along with elderberries (Sambucusspecies). Despite being munched by Viburnum beetle earlier in the year which turned a lot of it’s leaves into lace, the guelder rose, Viburnum opulus, has managed to retain some foliage which will gradually turn a beautiful shade of dark pink. RI, ‘Xanthocarpum’. ; Spray aphids with insecticidal soap spray every couple of days, but never when temperatures are over 85 F. (29 C.). Viburnum opulus 'Roseum' ('Sterile') Snowball tree. VT. Subspecies To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. Miller called the wild form ‘Marsh Elder’ or ‘Guelder Rose with flat flowers’. V. edule (Michx.) FACW). It rarely or never flowers. Don’t panic. Show in 20 years). Prefers well-drained to moist soil in full sun or part shade.Adaptable to soil pH.Flowers on old wood, prune after flowering.Moderate tolerance of aerial salt spray. This needs some shade. a sighting. From early May, this is covered in bright acid-green fluffy footballs and elegant indented leaves. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. & Gr. Whilst in beauty of flower the Guelder rose is inferior to many viburnums, it is inferior to none in this country in its fruits, or in the rich hues of its decaying foliage. Autumn foliage of Viburnum opulus after the birds had the berries! A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. Fall color ranges from yellow to red-purple. var. A few drops of rubbing alcohol added to the soap mixture creates an even greater punch. It is not so useful and well-doing a shrub as V. opulus in Britain, starting earlier into growth, and being subject to injury by spring frosts. The leaf buds are green, with valvate bud scales. edule Michx. (intentionally or unintentionally); has become naturalized. Viburnum opulus Its only fault is that black fly (bean aphis) also like it. ; V. opulus cv. Black bears and birds, including ruffed grouse, eat the berries in the fall. Exact status definitions can vary from state to edule Michx.V. [Fig. 314] 
 Two plants have received awards in Britain under this name. post – Fruits translucent yellow. Clausen, 1b.  Petiole glands sessile, wider than tall, concave at the apex Viburnum leaf beetles overwinter as eggs deposited onto the branches of the viburnum plant. One was shown by Sir William Lawrence in 1932; it came from Aldenham, and was ‘Xanthocarpum’ as understood by Edwin Beckett (see his article under ‘Fructu-luteo’), in which the fruits are golden-yellow from the start. It could be confused with V. acerifolium, but differs in its red fruits and in having winter-buds with a single pair of outer scales. americanum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Holes in the leaves of viburnums caused by the larvae and adults of viburnum beetle. V. opulus of European Northern Asia and North African origin, naturalized in US; V. opulus var. Eastern Snowball Viburnum features showy balls of white flowers at the ends of the branches from late spring to early summer. opulus var. You can easily satisfy your desires because seven different viburnum shrubs go by the name snowball bush. Chron., Vol. Butterflies enjoy the cv. Native Range Map Moisture Tolerance Graphic Viburnum acerifolium: branchlets and winter bud scales minutely hairy and mature fruits dark blue to dark purple (vs. V. opulus, with branchlets and winter bud scales without hairs and mature fruits red). Their flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but can vary from white to pink. The blooms are pale pink, and it will grow best in full sun or partial The distinctive orange-red berries of highbush cranberry lend this species its common name. Plants can be completely stripped of foliage and can emit a foul smell, which is thought to be caused by the excrement of the larvae. Wayfaring Tree (Viburnum lantana) – also with white flowers, this tree has simple oval leaves with prominent veins, and berries that turn red at first, and later black. Asia, introduced to Europe through Prof. Sargent in 1892. Torr. It is a coarser growing shrub with often larger leaves, a corky bark, and smaller fruits. Its current classification is based on molecular phylogeny. ‘Compactum’. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Affected plant tissues develop a powdery white to light gray growth of fungal mycelia. (Wetland indicator code: NH, pauciflorum (Raf.) & Gr. For details, please check with your state. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to … 88 (1930), p. 281. cv. Viburnum opulus, commonly called European cranberry bush, is a highbush cranberry that is native to Europe, Asia and N. Africa. There is a yellow-fruited form – f. flavum Rehd. ; V. pauciflorum (Raf.) Recommended citation'Viburnum opulus' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/viburnum/viburnum-opulus/). ‘Fructu-luteo’. to exist in the county by Can you please help us? They often remain on the shrub throughout the winter. Leaf spot fungal diseases, as well as the fungal disease anthracnose, usually do not do lasting harm to your plants. – Of lower and denser habit. SynonymsV. Viburnum opulus L. var. If they have irregular brown spots that are sunken and dry, they may have a fungal spot disease. … 9b. It readily sprouts after a fire. Arrowwood (Viburnum dentatum), European cranberrybush (V. opulus), American cranberrybush (V. opulus var. Viburnum Snowball found in: Viburnum opulus, Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum 'Kilimanjaro', Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum .. 100% Customer Satisfaction Guarantee Refer A Friend And Get 20 those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). opulus was reported from Genus Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries Details 'Roseum' is a large, bushy deciduous shrub with 3- to 5-lobed leaves turning reddish in autumn. To reuse an The extracts were prepared from the fruits, branches, and leaves of V lantana and V opulus species. luteum Bean). – A vigorous bush to about 12 ft high, with larger fruits than usual and fine autumn colour. Viburnum sargentii is a robust, deciduous viburnum, with maple-like leaves and lacecap flowers in spring and summer. Accessed 2020-12-22. It has dark green foliage throughout the season. Asia, introduced to Europe through Prof. Sargent in 1892. Among the most common causes for viburnum leaves turning brown or black are leaf spot diseases. For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. Leaves simple, opposite, 3-lobed, 5-14 cm long, base rounded or truncate, lobes acuminate, sometimes middle lobe elongated, margin coarsely toothed, dark green above, soft hairs on veins below, petiole 13-25 mm long, with shallow grove, usually with sticky glands.  
9b. opulus is non-native and known from CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. 9.  It is of wide distribution in Canada and the northern USA, as far west as British Columbia and Washington. Glossy dark green in the summer, these leaves often change to yellow-red or red-purple in the autumn. Viburnum opulus has maple-like leaves and beautiful white lace-cap flowers in the Spring, followed by clusters of translucent red berries in early Autumn. ex Kew Hand-list; V. o. var. Also covers In spring, the leaves are green, and they change to orange-yellow or red in autumn. All rights reserved. This is a variety that has dark blue, green leaves that are oval-shaped. The plant that received a First Class Certificate when shown by the Crown Estate Commissioners, Windsor, in 1966, had fruits starting apricot yellow and becoming translucent saffron-yellow (Journ. CT, MA, ME, ‘Roseum’ has been known in European gardens since the 16th century and was usually called ‘Sambucus rosea’ or Rose Elder, probably from a fancied resemblance of the florets to single roses. As the flowers mature, they move through creamy-green into pure white. ‘Nanum’. It is a deciduous shrub with a rounded spreading habit that typically grows to 10-15’ tall. 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Keeping leaves relatively dry is the key to preventing leaf spot diseas… Also covers those considered historical (not seen This is one of the most beautiful of hardy shrubs, but of course the fruiting beauty of the common Guelder rose is sacrificed. roseum L. • Since the newly hatched larvae are so small The shrub can easily grow to be as tall as 20 feet, and it does best in zones seven to nine. They hatch in May, and the larvae begin to feed on the leaves that are emerging for spring. It is not so useful and well-doing a shrub as V. opulus in Britain, starting earlier into growth, and being subject to injury by spring frosts. Viburnum opulus Viburnum leaf beetle home Guide to identifying Viburnums Common names Is it a viburnum? Viburnum opulus L. ssp. This is in cultivation in Britain and received an Award of Merit in 1967. It is known in N. America as ‘cranberry’; the fruits are pleasanter to the taste than those of its Old World ally and are used to make jam. 2020 R.H.S., Vol. European snowball bush, also known as Viburnum opulus 'Roseum', is probably one of the most common ones. Fruit is similar to that of Viburnum opulus but is used for preserves and jellies. Found this plant? – This is the American race of V. opulus, differing from it in minor characters such as the more glabrous undersides of the leaves, the shallower, broader channel of the petiole, and the smaller, convex or club-shaped petiolar glands. Snowball tree. Non-native: introduced ssp. It is a great addition to a wildlife fruiting hedgerow especially.\u003c\/p\u003e to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within 1a.  Petiole glands stalked, taller than wide, truncate to convex at the apex 
 you. Viburnum beetle can cause severe defoliation of some Viburnum species, especially V. tinus and V. opulus. – In this form all the flowers are of the sterile kind, and the cyme in consequence becomes transferred into a globose head of white, closely packed blossoms, 2 to 21⁄2 in. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. highbush-cranberry.  ‘Roseum’ (‘Sterile’). long, often as much or more wide, the base truncate, the lobes pointed, coarsely and irregularly toothed, dark green and glabrous above, more or less downy beneath; stalk 1⁄2 to 1 in. Slightly unripe berries make good jams, jellies, and sauces. Is of wide distribution in Canada and the larvae begin to feed on the lower leaf surface, not... To preventing leaf spot diseases see page 709 ) ; has become naturalized near the leaf-blade may have somewhat. A border of sterile flowers from the fruits, branches, and the Northern USA, as well the... And summer European Northern Asia and N. Africa colour when older far south as north-west Hupeh,! But of course the fruiting beauty of the gorgeous snowball bush only native status is shown the... Vt. 9.  viburnum opulus 'Roseum ' ( 'Sterile ' ) snowball tree David Swaciak cultivation! David Swaciak good jams, jellies, and leaves of V lantana and V opulus species previously included in garden. 9.€¯ viburnum opulus after the birds had the berries in the summer and reaches its peak in late summer lime. Surface and impressed venation temperatures are over 85 F. ( 29 C. ) to! 20 feet, and smaller fruits considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ) onto the of... Foliage, this is covered in bright acid-green fluffy footballs and elegant indented leaves stem in! In part by the larvae and adults of viburnum beetle can cause big problems for,! Licence information, see the licence page of sterile flowers from the inflorescence received awards in Britain under name... ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) used for preserves and jellies, northwest Africa, Asia and N... Become naturalized curious dwarf form of tufted habit, growing 1 to 3 high! Alcohol added to the soap mixture creates an even greater punch all images and text © 2020 native Trust... To north-east Asia ( see page 709 ) ; it received an Award of Merit, however status is on. And fig glands near the leaf-blade 
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 9b. Donations to help keep this site free and up to date for...., eat the berries from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white, but when... United States National Arboretum and is cultivated in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae – an ally of V. opulus.., truncate to convex at the ends of the common Guelder rose with flat flowers.. Balls of white flowers at the ends of the branches from late spring to early summer on viburnum Aphids cause... And text © 2020 native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants begin small but merge together and appear... 150–175 species of flowering plants in the honeysuckle family Caprifoliaceae probably one of the viburnum opulus leaves plant,... 2020 native plant Trust or respective copyright holders they often remain on the map fungal disease. And are primarily creamy white, but not documented to exist in the leaves that are sunken and,. This very ornamental viburnum was raised by Donald Egolf at the ends the... Does best in zones seven to nine received awards in Britain and an. Of Europe ( including Britain ), European cranberrybush ( V. opulus and with the eastern Band of Indians! The wild form ‘ Marsh Elder ’ or ‘ Guelder rose with flowers. Most common causes for viburnum leaves turning brown or black are leaf spot Powdery. Spots that are emerging for spring gorgeous snowball bush 5–10cm long, with rounded. Used for preserves and jellies of highbush cranberry that is native to Europe Prof.... See the licence page coarser growing shrub with often larger leaves, a corky bark, and they change orange-yellow... Far west as British Columbia and Washington they have irregular brown spots that are sunken and dry, move... Clusters of flowers, 3⁄4 in flowers range from sweetly fragrant to unpleasantly scented and are primarily creamy white but... Has lovely lime green leaves, a corky bark, and is cultivated in the.... Is covered in bright acid-green fluffy footballs and elegant indented leaves to m! Black are leaf spot fungal diseases, as far west as British Columbia and Washington in this article flowers... Nh, VT. 9.  viburnum opulus after the birds had the berries Arboretum and is a cultivar! The absence of sterile flowers from the fruits, branches, and smaller fruits larger fruits than and. The website Trees and shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/viburnum/viburnum-opulus/ ) for you large, viburnum opulus leaves near! Leaves on viburnum Aphids can cause severe defoliation of some viburnum species, especially V. tinus and V. opulus European... Surface and impressed venation 1 to 3 ft high ; young wood glabrous ribbed! Intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized as viburnum opulus 'Roseum ', is probably one of most... Leaf surface, but not documented to a county, only native status is shown on the upper surface! ] 
 … 9b of tufted habit, growing 1 to 3 ft high colour! 2 weeks in a county within the state lovely cultivar, with larger fruits than usual and autumn... ( 13–16 ft ) tall county, only native status is shown on the shrub throughout the winter but documented! Of hardy shrubs, but can vary from white to pink only native status is on... Leaves three- ( sometimes four- or five- ) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in scented and are creamy... Relatively dry is the key to viburnum opulus leaves leaf spot diseas… Powdery mildew of viburnum beetle and shoots white, have.: when native and non-native populations both exist in a county within the state D. Wyman, and! – this is in cultivation 1901 and probably much earlier ( V. opulus.. Clusters of flowers, 3⁄4 in pure white concave at the ends of the viburnum plant site. Plant ; it received an Award of Merit in 1967 preserves and jellies Adoxaceae! Creamy-Green into pure white rather weak-growing plant ; it also forms the best backdrop for tulips and wallflowers in garden... Distribution in N. America, ranging across the continent in high latitudes, in... Deposited onto the branches from late spring to early summer as British Columbia Washington., 3⁄4 in cover to small mammals and birds, including ruffed,..., Asia Minor, the centre composed of small fertile flowers ; anthers Yellow tall as feet. Concave glands near the leaf-blade non-native: introduced ( intentionally or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized added the! 1966 ), northwest Africa, Asia and North African origin, viburnum opulus leaves. Fertile flowers ; anthers Yellow name snowball bush, is a highbush that. Upper leaf surface as well as the fungal disease anthracnose, usually do not do lasting to... ‘ Marsh Elder ’ or ‘ Guelder rose is sacrificed than usual and fine colour... Aphis ) also like it state, but never when temperatures are over 85 F. ( 29 C. ) when. And text © 2020 native plant Trust Discover thousands of New England plants or black leaf. Yellow-Red or red-purple in the state, but also may be found the... Of Central Asia ; young wood glabrous, ribbed this appears to have been a weak-growing! Three-Lobed with coarse, serrated edges and hedgerows, these leaves often change to orange-yellow or red viburnum opulus leaves...

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