The first fundamental concept is that as you move upwards Pantheon is built with gradually lighter elements. The first Pantheon was built in 27 B.C. That structure is the same as the one you will see when you visit today. After that period the acropolis ceases to be a fortress. The structure, completed around 126-128 A.D. during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, features a rotunda with a massive domed ceiling that was the largest of its kind when it was built. Construction of the building began during 447 BCE and lasted until 438 BCE. The form of Agrippa's Pantheon is debated. It’s unknown who the existing Pantheon’s architect was or exactly what role Hadrian played in the project. A traditional rectangular temple, first built by AgrippaThe conventional understanding of the Pantheon’s genesis, which held from 1892 until very recently, goes something like this. It was built to celebrate the victory and Athens political, economic and cultural superiority. Bronze head from a statue of the Emperor Hadrian. Its magnificent dome is a lasting testimony to the genius of Roman architects and as the building stands virtually intact it offers a unique opportunity for the modern visitor to step back 2,000 years and experience the glory that was Rome. The Pantheon is a building in Rome which was originally built as a temple to the seven deities of the seven planets in the Roman state religion, but which has been a Christian church since the 7th century. The Pantheon still retains a record however: it is the world’s largest concrete dome suspended without reinforcement. During the invasion of the Persians into the Athenian territory, they destroyed the Older Parthenon which was another reason why the Athenians constructed the Parthenon. Westend61 / Getty Images. The decoration of the Parthenon lasted for several more years until 432 BCE. Measuring 142 feet in diameter, the domed ceiling was the largest of its kind when it was built. … Originally built as a temple dedicated to the pagan gods of Rome, the Pantheon has been a place of worship for almost two millennia. Hadrian's Villa, Tivoli: A virtual tour. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. by statesman Marcus Agrippa, and is thought to have been designed as a temple for Roman gods. Originally built as a temple to all of the Roman gods, the Pantheon (originally built around 27 BC) was torn down and rebuilt by emperor Hadrian around 120 AD. The Jutland Archaeological Society described in detail various aspects of the ring foundation; they found it rested on a bed of bluish colored river clay. They gave their Pantheon massive 25-foot thick walls to support a huge dome made of solid concrete. The original Pantheon of Rome was built between 27 & 25 B.C.E., under Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa. 3 The exact age of the pantheon remains unknown. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. In 476, the German warrior Odoacer conquered the western half of the Roman Empire, where Rome was situated. The Roman legend tells that the original Pantheon was built on the very site and was dedicated to Romulus, their mythological founder, after he ascended to heaven from that site. The walls are marked by … The Pantheon as it is known today was actually built on the site of another Pantheon that served as a temple for all the Roman gods. Scholars ...read more, In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people” (from demos, “the people,” and kratos, or “power”). After the Greek civilization collapsed, other cultures also used the Parthenon as a place of worship as the Ottomans converted it into a mosque while the Christians turned it into a church and it was consecrated for the Virgin Mary. The Pantheon's record-breaking dome. Who built it and why? The words engraved in the stone above the entrance mean “Built by Marcus Agrippa, son of Lucius, consul for the third-time,” but Agrippa’s building was destroyed. Apart from the octastyle columns, the building also has seventeen columns on the sides. which burnt to the ground in 80 A.D. by the consul Agrippa, Prefect of the Emperor Augustus, the present building is the result of subsequent, heavy restructuring. The conversion played a key role in the Pantheon’s survival, as the papacy had the resources to repair and maintain it. The original Roman Pantheon, which succumbed to fire in A.D. 80, was constructed in 27 - 25 B.C. The Pantheon is one of the best-preserved monuments of ancient Rome. It was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian but burned again in 110 A.D. after being struck by lightning. Throughout history, Ephesus survived multiple attacks and changed ...read more, The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous ancient archaeological sites in the world. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens. All Rights Reserved. It was rebuilt by Emperor Domitian, only to be burned down again in 110 A.D. Hadrian became emperor in 117, a time when the Roman Empire included much of present-day Europe, as well as parts of the Middle East and northern Africa. The most surprising thing about Pantheon is how a such impressive building remained up for nearly 2000 years! Agrippa's structure was destroyed in 80 and what we see is a reconstruction from 118 under emperor Hadrian. In designing the Parthenon, the designers made use of both the Doric and Ionic architectural styles. 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