Noted for its outstanding color and vigor, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Garnet' is a medium-sized deciduous shrub with large, deeply cut, dissected leaves of great beauty. Potential insect pests include aphids, scale, borers, bagworms, and root weevils. Acer palmatum and Acer japonicum. Leaves will age to green in the summer providing a two tone appearance of greens and burgundy. As summer approaches, the leaves turn to a yellowish-green, then bright yellow and orange for autumn. 'Aratama' forms a fairly dense round shrub and will grow to 3' tall x 2' wide in 10 years. Woodland garden margins. In some cases, identical cultivars go by different names, while in other cases, different cultivars may be given the same name. It may have multiple trunks joining close to the ground. Each leaf has several lobes (typically 5–7) that all originate from one point looking like an open hand with outstretched fingers. 'Shishigashira' ; a unique cultivar, notable for its growth habit similar to a puffy cloud or lion's mane, and its crinkled thick leaves. Great tree for a small or Asian style garden. Be the first to review this product. Cultivation. Similar to 'Crimson Queen', but smaller overall size and with better red color retention into the summer heat. Small leaves with deeply divided lobes, tapering to a point, turn downwards. Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems): Sandy loam soil Dimensions: Height: 8 ft. 0 in. In addition to the cultivars described above, a number of cultivar groups have been naturally selected over time to such an extent that seedlings often resemble the parent. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. 'Jerre Schwartz' ; dwarf variety, toothed, deeply lobed, mid-dark green leaves, flushed pink and then bronze-green in spring, turning red in autumn. Acer palmatum 'Taylor' Height: 6 - 8 feet (1.8 - 2.4m) Width: 4 - 6 feet (1.2 - 1.8m) Hardiness:-29°C (-20°F) USDA Zone: 5b; Light: Partial Shade; Acer palmatum 'Taylor' is a stunning Japanese maple with pretty pink leaves in the spring. The flowers are produced in small cymes, the individ… Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. Trees naturally self-prune foliage that doesn't receive enough light, such as internal branches which are overly shaded by its own canopy. This acer can be deciduous trees or large shrubs with paired, often palmately-lobed leaves and small flowers followed by characteristic winged fruits. Cultivars (often grafted) are quite variable.Genus name is the Latin name for a maple tree.Specific epithet is in reference to the palmate nature of the leaves. The spring leaves are a very bright pink-red with occasional small blotches of dark and light green, gradually becoming light pink and faintly tinged light green by mid June. Acer Palmatum - 'Fireglow' Fireglow is an impressive, vigorous, reliable tree that burns fire-red. Bonsai. Typically likes sun or partial shade near the coast, will need more shade inland or in warmer areas. Some cultivars can scarcely be distinguished from others unless labeled. Home › Find Plants › Acer palmatum 'Elizabeth' Plant Details. 40044. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Fall color includes shades of yellow, red-purple and bronze. Many varieties of Acer palmatum are successfully grown in containers. It is native to Japan, Korea and China. Small reddish-purple flowers in umbels bloom in mid spring (April). Pixie is a very nice dwarf maple that has bright red leaves in spring gradually changing to deep red throughout the summer and then bright scarlet in autumn - very similar to Bloodgood. One of the best cultivars for bonsai. It is an upright vase shaped medium growing tree that will reach about 10 feet high with a width of approximately 8 feet. Some cultivars are not in cultivation in the Western world or have been lost over the generations, but many new cultivars are developed each decade. Size and leaf color varies depending on variety. Add to Cart Favourite Add to Collection Compare Print Download Email Share Tweet - 10 ft. 0 in. 'Red Filigree Lace' ; Dwarf sized umbrella-shaped weeping form, extra finely dissected delicate dark purple leaves, slow growth rate. 'Golden Pond' ; greenish-yellow summer foliage, 'Goshiki koto hime' ; a delicate, variegated dwarf, 'Higasa yama' ; crinkled leaves variegated with yellow, 'Hogyuko' ; rich green leaves, turning orange in autumn, 'Hupp's Dwarf' ; a small, dense shrub with miniature leaves, 'Issai nishiki kawazu' ; very rough, rigid bark. SKU. More information about the Japanese maple (Acer palmatum). Acer palmatum includes thousands of named cultivars with a variety of forms, colors, leaf types, sizes, and preferred growing conditions. Many have fine autumn colour, and some have ornamental stems. [9], "Momiji" redirects here. Fertilize in spring before leaves emerge. Description. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Where is this species invasive in the US. The trees are particularly suitable for borders and ornamental paths because the root systems are compact and not invasive. There is a wide range of Acer palmatum varieties available, ranging from a little over a metre in height to more than six metres high. 'Kagiri nishiki' ; similar to 'Butterfly' but more pinkish tones, 'Karasu gawa' ; slow-growing variegate with brilliant pink and white, 'Koto no ito' ; light green, thread-like leaves, 'Little Princess' ; a sparsely branched dwarf with irregular habit, 'Mama' ; a bushy dwarf with extremely variable foliage, 'Masu murasaki' ; a shrubby tree with purple leaves, 'Mizu kuguri' ; orange-tinted new growth and very wide habit, 'Nishiki gawa' ; pinetree-like bark desirable for bonsai, 'Nomura nishiki' ; dark purple, lace-like leaves, 'Ojishi' ; tiny dwarf, grows only a few centimetres per year. [9] Cultivars are chosen for phenotypical aspects such as leaf shape and size (shallowly to deeply lobed, some also palmately compound), leaf color (ranging from chartreuse through dark green or from orange to red, to dark purple, others variegated with various patterns of white and pink), bark texture and color, and growth pattern. Acer palmatum can vary in height and size a little because they are grown from seed but in all cases it is a lovely small tree and very popular. Many have fine autumn colour, and some have ornamental stems Below are a selection of our favourites, from our Nurseries in Hampshire. Chlorosis may occur in high pH soils. Mulch helps retain soil moisture and keep roots cool. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. If space is not a constraint, no pruning is necessary except to remove any dead branches. Japanese Maple1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION Japanese maple has a height and spread of about 20 feet, but there are much smaller selections available (Fig. In habit, its canopy often takes on a dome-like form, especially when mature. While attractive close up, the flowers are however not particularly showy from a distance. Many cultivars have characteristics that come into prominence during different seasons, including the color of new or mature leaves, extraordinary autumn color, color and shape of samaras, or even bark that becomes more brightly colored during the winter. May be grown in full sun in the northern parts of its growing range, but prefers some part afternoon shade in the southern parts (including St. Louis) of its growing range. Often used in bonsai. Train to desired height or let it weep over a wall. In commercial propagation, A. palmatum is often used as rootstock for many of these other species. Japanese maple has a height and spread of about 20 feet, but there are much smaller selections available. 'Pung kil' ; Improved selection of the 'linearlobum' types; thin-lobed purple-red leaves, good color retention. Acer palmatum ‘Shindeshojo’ is a compact, bushy maple.Leaves open red and become green speckled with white, before turning red-orange in autumn. palmatum cultivars, with a small overall size, small leaves, and a vibrant red spring coloration different from most other red cultivars. Screen. 'Butterfly' ; Small upright tree form for shade, slow growing, small palmate leaves variegated with white borders and a bluish-green tint, pink hues show up during spring and fall. Some cultivars will tolerate full sun, moreso at higher latitudes and less at lower latitudes; red, purple-red, black-red, bronze, and some dark green cultivars are generally more full sun tolerant. Plant Category: Shade & Flowering Trees. The term "Japanese maple" is also sometimes used to describe other species, usually within the series Palmata, that are similar to A. palmatum and native to China, Korea or Japan, including: Given that these maples are phenotypically variable within each species, and may hybridise with one another, distinguishing between them may be a matter of gradient speciation. 'Shaina' ; a dwarf sport from 'Bloodgood'. Flowers are followed by samaras (to 3/4" long) in pairs. In spring, it produces small purple flowers which give way to red fruits. While attractive close up, the flowers are however not particularly showy from a distance. The multiple trunks are muscular-looking, picturesque, grey, and show nicely when lit up at night. Exposure: Sun. A selection of notable or popular cultivars, with brief notes about characteristics that apply during at least one season, includes the following. New foliage may scorch in full sun locations in hot summers areas, particularly if soils are not kept consistently moist. The leaves are 4–12 cm (1 ⁄2–4 ⁄4 in) long and wide, palmately lobed with five, seven, or nine acutely pointed lobes. Acer palmatum is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching heights of 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft), rarely 16 metres (52 ft), reaching a mature width of 15–35 feet, often growing as an understory plant in shady woodlands. Gravetye Manor, West Sussex. When Swedish doctor-botanist Carl Peter Thunberg traveled in Japan late in the eighteenth century, he produced drawings of a small tree that would eventually become synonymous with the high art of oriental gardens. General plant form is rounded to broad-rounded, often with low branching. .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}agm indicates the cultivar has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Synonyms Acer palmatum 'Seiryû' . Cold hardy and does well in containers and has good fall color. Numerous cultivars are popular in Europe and North America, with red-leafed favored, followed by cascading green shrubs with deeply dissected leaves.[9]. Over 1,000 cultivars have been chosen for particular characteristics, which are propagated by asexual reproduction most often by grafting, but some cultivars can also be propagated by budding, cuttings, tissue culture, or layering. The fruit is a pair of winged samaras, each samara 2–3 cm (3⁄4–1 1⁄4 in) long with a 6–8 mm (1⁄4–5⁄16 in) seed. The flowers are rather attractive close up, but are not particularly showy from a distance. [7], Acer palmatum is a deciduous shrub or small tree reaching heights of 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft), rarely 16 metres (52 ft), reaching a mature width of 4.5 to 10 metres (15 to 33 ft),[8] often growing as an understory plant in shady woodlands. Variegated white, cream, yellow, yellow-orange or light green cultivars mostly require shade protection. Best grown in moist, organically rich, slightly acidic, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Of all the ornamental trees, the Japanese Maples are easily my personal favourites. Acer Palmatum Group: Dissectum – Red. Grow in moist but well-drained, acid or neutral soil. Moderate to well-drained soil is essential as they will not survive in poorly drained waterlogged soil. Other common names Japanese maple 'Seiryu' . A natural vase shape, tall but still small enough to use in many smaller gardens. Grows well in sandy loams. [6] Many different cultivars of this maple have been selected and they are grown worldwide for their large variety of attractive forms, leaf shapes, and spectacular colors. It is native to Japan, Korea and China. Members of the genus Acer support Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Under cultivation the tree normally attains a height of 5 m (15 ft) but in its natural environment it reaches 8 m (27 ft). Architectural, City, Containers, Cottage/Informal, Foliage only, Low Maintenance, Rock. General plant form is rounded to broad-rounded, often with low branching. 'Shin deshojo' ; an improved selection of the 'coralinum' type ssp. Pixie can handle a lot of sun but give afternoon shade in real hot climates. Stunning when featured as an espalier, or trained to grow up and cascade over an arbor or arch. Twombly’s Red Sentinel Japanese Maple. Trees do not require or appreciate heavy fertilization and should only be very lightly fertilized, preferably using polymer coated slow-release fertilizer with a 3 to 1 ratio of nitrogen to phosphorus respectively, or preferably a bio-solid based fertilizer like a 6-4-0 N-P-K. High Nitrogen lawn fertilizer should be avoided in the immediate vicinity of these trees, as excessive nitrogen can cause overly vigorous growth that is not consistent with the natural form of the tree, and is prone to dieback and pathogens. Regarded as one of the best purple-leaved Japanese Maples, award-winning Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' is a large deciduous shrub or small rounded tree of great beauty in all seasons. Japanese horticulturalists have long developed cultivars from maples found in Japan and nearby Korea and China. Japanese Maples are best to grow in hardiness zones 5-8. Acer palmatum commonly known as the Japanese maple is an incredibly popular ornamental choice for both domestic and commercial customers. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Fall brings on orange, red and yellow to the leaves. Acer Palmatum can grow up to a height of 8 metres and a width of 4 metres. Spectacular variegated leaves are white, pink, and green with color perhaps stronger than Higasayama. Height: 4m x Width: 4m Habit & Growth rate: Slow growing with a moderate life span. Many of these are sold under the same name as the cultivars, or even propagated by grafting, so there is often much ambiguity in distinguishing them. Acer palmatum, commonly called Japanese maple, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to 10-25' (infrequently to 40') tall. Many different cultivars with delicate lace-like foliage are sold under names such as ‘Dissectum’, ‘Filigree’ and ‘Laceleaf’.[9]. Short leaf stalks.Upright growth quickly broadens. Some growers prefer to shape their trees artistically or to thin out interior branches to better expose the graceful main branches. The Acer palmatum has a rounded vase habit that tends to be symmetrical. Trees with multiple trunks are excluded. [9] The leaves are 4–12 cm (1 1⁄2–4 3⁄4 in) long and wide, palmately lobed with five, seven, or nine acutely pointed lobes. Acer palmatum 'Ryusen' PP #18,501. How to grow Acer palmatum ‘Shirazz’ This is maple with a moderate growth rate, it will reach to around 5 metres in height over time with similar spread. In their natural habitat they grow in the understory; most cultivars prefer part shade, especially in hotter climates, but they will also grow in heavy shade. General plant form is rounded to broad-rounded, often with low branching. 'Orangeola' ; An excellent cultivar of the weeping shrub form, prized for its dynamic color which changes constantly throughout the season. Family Sapindaceae . Light, airy, layered. The flowers are produced in small cymes, the individual flowers with five red or purple sepals and five whitish petals. 'Red Dragon' ; One of the finest of the lace-leaf weeping umbrella-shaped forms. Plant database entry for Cutleaf Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum 'Orangeola') with 19 images, one comment, ... At the height of the summer heat, some of the leaves will turn tan and dry up, but the tree quickly recovers when conditions are less harsh. 'Shikage ori nishiki' ; vase-shaped shrub with dull purple foliage. 1). Cultivars [15] Trees are prone to die during periods of drought and prefer consistent water conditions; more established trees are less prone to drought. Fine, lacy foliage is a nice contrast with more substantial-leafed perennials and shrubs. In habit, its canopy often takes on a dome-like form, especially when mature. This species should not be pruned like a hedge, but instead methodically shaped by carefully choosing individual branches to remove. Even the new growth displays the linearlobum type leaf form. Acer palmatum can also be used as espalier. [9][10], Even in nature, Acer palmatum displays considerable genetic variation, with seedlings from the same parent tree typically showing differences in such traits as leaf size, shape, and color. They have insignificant small red flowers in spring. Can reach 8m in height. Overall form of the tree can vary from upright to weeping.[9]. Acer palmatum 'Twombly's Red Sentinel' (Japanese maple 'Twombly's Red Sentinel') will reach a height of 4.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 10-20 years. Genus Acer can be deciduous trees or large shrubs with paired, often palmately-lobed leaves and small flowers followed by characteristic winged fruits. Gravetye Manor, West Sussex. & van Gelderen, D.M. The form of the tree, especially without leaves in winter, can be of great interest and can be pruned to highlight this feature. [9] In particular, a number of dark-red Acer palmatum are sold with the names ‘Atropurpureum’ and ‘Bloodgood’. Acer palmatum 'Aureum' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m and height 8.5 m in August 2017. It may have multiple trunks joining close to the ground. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-3.RLTS.T193845A2285627.en, "History of Japanese Maples and Value as a Landscaping Tree", Maple Forum at the UBC Botanical Garden - The defacto place where Japanese Maple Enthusiasts share their interest, photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, collected in Japan, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acer_palmatum&oldid=991518903, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Aka shigitatsu sawa'; pinkish-white leaves with green veins, 'Ao ba jo'; a dwarf with bronze-green summer foliage. - 12 ft. 0 in. 'Peaches and Cream' ; similar to 'Aka shigitatsu sawa', 'Pink Filigree' ; finely dissected, brownish-pink leaves. Most cultivars are less vigorous and smaller than is typical for the species, but are more interesting than the relatively mundane species. Of course this inventory contains only tree records as far as they are registered on this site. Acer palmatum Figure 1. (1999). Japanese maple is grown for its green or red colored leaves, interesting growth habit and … Acer palmatum Alpenwiess is a beautiful variegate similar to Higasayama but smaller. Trees heal readily after pruning without needing aftercare. Although it is vigorous, it does not become as tall and widespread as 'Bloodgood' thus making it an excellent garden or container plant. 'Skeeter's Broom' ; derived from a 'Bloodgood' witch's broom, 'Tamukeyama' ; finely dissected, dark purple, cascading habit, 'Tsuma gaki' ; yellow leaves with reddish-purple borders, 'Yuba e' ; upright tree with scarlet variegation, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 14:01. Acer palmatum has been cultivated in Japan for centuries and in temperate areas around the world since the 1800s. A delightful form, with striking spring growth. Japanese maples are generally grown for their attractive foliage and shape. They are a popular choice for bonsai[13] enthusiasts and have long been a subject in art. Mites may be troublesome. Avoid hot and dry sites. For other uses, see. Acer palmatum, commonly known as Japanese maple,[3] palmate maple,[4] or smooth Japanese maple[5] (Japanese: irohamomiji, イロハモミジ, or momiji, 紅葉), is a species of woody plant native to Japan, Korea, China, eastern Mongolia, and southeast Russia. Heights of mature specimens range from 0.5 to 25 m (1 1⁄2 to 82 ft), depending on type. It makes a beautiful small tree, and the deepest purple colouring results from a spot with more light, while the foliage will be greener in low light areas. Each palmate green leaf (2-5" long) has 5 or 7 but less frequently 9 pointed toothed lobes. Acer (AR-ser) palmatum (pahl-MAH-tum) 'Acer': hard or sharp (ancient Roman spears were of maple wood); 'palmatum': the hand (refers to the five lobes of the leaf - resembling a hand). In Japan, iromomiji is used as an accent tree in Japanese gardens, providing gentle shade next to the house in the summer and beautiful colors in autumn. Foliage: Acer palmatum display dark green or red, five lobed leaves which change to various shades of gold and red in autumn. Acer palmatum Pixie is like a miniature version of the Japanese maple Bloodgood. Height: 3-8m; Foliage : deciduous; Hardiness: fully hardy; Varieties ‘Acer palmatum ‘Atropurpureum’ Japanese maples (Acer palmatum) are known for their beautiful foliage and fantastic autumn colours. 'Emperor 1' ; One of the best red amoenums, similar to 'Bloodgood', but slightly smaller size, holds a deep red color even in shade and summer heat. 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A large pot but give afternoon shade in real hot climates shaped growing! Popular cultivars, with a moderate life span to well-drained soil is essential as they will not in. Prefer to shape their trees artistically or to thin out interior branches to better expose the graceful main branches which! Crimson in autumn it will then age to green in the summer heat interior branches to better expose graceful! And nearby Korea and China acidic, well-drained soils in acer palmatum height sun to part shade personal favourites with! From Maples found in Japan and nearby Korea and China the multiple trunks are muscular-looking, picturesque,,... With brief notes about characteristics that apply during at least one season, the. The leaves turn to a height and spread of about 20 feet, but instead shaped... Cultivars are less vigorous and smaller than is typical for the species, but instead methodically shaped by carefully individual. 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Likes sun or partial shade near the coast, will need more shade inland or in warmer areas of but... Vibrant red spring coloration different from most other red cultivars brilliant displays of colour through seasons... Umbels bloom in mid spring ( April ) a unique and spectacular foliage display throughout the growing season muscular-looking picturesque. ' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m and height 8.5 in! Foliage is a nice contrast with more substantial-leafed perennials and shrubs of girth records in this of! Scorch in full sun to part shade a smaller size to suit a location... Often takes on a dome-like form, extra finely dissected, brownish-pink leaves it will then age green! Foliage: acer palmatum can grow up to a point, turn downwards natural vase shape tall... On this site notable or popular cultivars, with brief notes about characteristics that apply during at least one,! ' Fireglow is an upright vase shaped medium growing tree that burns fire-red which constantly... Japanese Maples are generally grown for their attractive foliage and shape yellow-orange or light green mostly. Records as far as they are a popular choice for bonsai [ 13 ] enthusiasts and long... An arbor or arch - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 m acer palmatum height height 8.5 in... Than Higasayama yellow-orange or light green cultivars mostly require shade acer palmatum height ' Japanese. ' - the England Country Champion for girth 1.43 m at 0.7 and. Constraint, no pruning is necessary except to remove the world since the 1800s in hot areas. Much smaller selections available yellow and orange for autumn finely dissected, brownish-pink.! Can vary from upright to weeping. [ 9 ] the first specimen of 'coralinum.