They were exempted from paying taxes to the state. French merchants sailed from the ports of Bordeaux or Nantes to the African coast, where they bought slaves from local chieftains. Things became worse whenever drought or hail reduced the harvest. In The Spirit of the Laws, Montesquieu proposed a division of power within the government between the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. Lenders, who gave the state credit, now began to charge 10 percent interest on loans. However, ten years later, Napoleon reintroduced slavery. At the same time, the king ordered troops to move into Paris. Question 25. Question 6. Answer The circumstances leading to the outbreak of revolutionary protest in France were: → Social Inequality: French society in the eighteenth century was divided into three estates namely […] This was one way they could grasp and identify with ideas such as liberty or justice that political philosophers wrote about at length in texts. It was a way of proclaiming the end of the power wielded by the wearers of knee breeches. Question 1. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. Answer: The fall of Bastille signified the end of the autocratic rule of the monarch. Answer: All the concepts related to the French Revolution are mentioned in the NCERT Solutions for Class 9 History Chapter 1 so that students don’t find it difficult solving the textbook questions. Rousseau carried the idea forward, proposing a form of government based on a social contract between people and their representatives. It was finally the Convention which in 1794 legislated to free all slaves in the French overseas possessions. Prussia and Austria. Answer: td {padding: 8px !important;} Most workers were employed as labourers in workshops whose owner fixed their wages. Question 17. In order to discuss and voice their interests, women began their own newspapers and political clubs. The importance of the following years in concern with French Revolutions : (i) 1774: Louis XVI ascended the throne of France. Basic Rights: All the citizens were given some basic rights such as right to life, freedom of speech, freedom of opinion, equality before law. Which period of Famce’s history is known as ‘the Terror’. The ideas of these philosophers were discussed intensely in salons and coffee-houses and spread among people through books and newspaper. The revolution acknowledged right to work and identified dignity of labour. Answer: Why was Bastille hated by the French people? @media only screen and (max-width: 768px) {.table-outer {overflow: scroll; width: 100%; height: 100%; border: grey solid 1px;}} Answer: Answer: In the early years, the revolutionary government did introduce laws that helped to improve the lives of women. They enjoyed all the rights and privileges. Robespierre’s government issued laws placing a maximum ceiling on wages and prices. Name the three ‘Estates’ into which the French society was divided before the Revolution. The first two estates were the privileged ones exempted from all the taxes. They assembled on 20 June, 1789 in the hall of an indoor tennis court in Versailles. Powers of the king separated and assigned to the executive, the legislature and the judiciary. The new constitution made provision for two elected legislative councils. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. The members of this estate had no political rights and social status. Feudal dues were extracted by nobles from peasants and one-tenth of the agricultural produce of peasants, in the form of Tithes came to the share of clergy. All those who were considered enemies by him or who did not agree with him or with his methods were arrested, imprisoned and then tried by a revolutionary tribunal. Robespierre pursued his policies so relentlessly that even his supporters turned against him. Question 8. The triangular slave trade was carried between Europe, Africa and America. Divorce was made legal and could be applied for by both women and men. Answer: The period from 1793-1794 is referred to as the reign of terror. In 1804, Napoleon Bonaparte crowned himself as Emperor of the ________ . Question 7. He believed in the Divine Right Theory of Kings. Describe causes for the fall of Jacobin government in France. The entire burden of taxation fell on the third estate. Abolition of censorship. As as whole, the Administration was corrupt. The ministers were also answerable to the legislature. One of the most revolutionary social reforms of the Jacobin regime was the abolition of slavery in the French colonies. Answer: Women could be now trained for jobs, could become artists or run small businesses. Answer: It was a tax levied by the church, comprising one-tenth of the agricultural produce. Montesquieu proposed a division of power within the government between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The revolutionary governments took it upon themselves to pass laws that would translate the ideals of liberty and equality into everyday practice. Each side sought to convince the others of its position through the medium of print. Answer: When did the French Revolution begin? Caught in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles. The defective system of tax collection and oppression created discontentment. The Estates General was a political body and was controlled by the French Monarch. Question 22. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. Write three main features of the French Constitution of 1971. Subsistence crisis is an extreme situation where the basic means of livelihood are endangered. What idea did the ‘Law Tablet Convey’ ? The remaining people belonged to the Third Estate. Answer: Question 11. Political clubs had become rallying point for people who wanted to discuss government policies and plan their own forms of action. Question 19. Private property was abolished and land became a state property. Answer: Question 11. This, however, turned out to be a short-term measure. Bastille was hated because it stood for the despotic power of the king. Answer: Question 17. Describe the conditions of women during the period of French Revolution. The Second Estate: It consisted of landlords, men of noble birth and aristocrats. Explain. When the king rejected this proposal, members of the Third Estate walked out of the assembly in protest. A triangular slave trade started among ________ . Q.10. He wanted the people to think about their material life on earth, and forget about heaven. Answer: Question 3. So the French government was obliged to spend an increasing percentage of its budget on interest payments alone. Answer: Answer: Question 9. Explain the role of Jacobins in the French Revolution. Debt Trap: Lenders who gave the state credit, now began to charge 10 per cent interest on loans. The main ideas behind the French Revolution were : Question 9. ‘The Spirit of the Laws’. 21st September, 1792. It started with the convocation of the Estates General in May. Meat and bread were rationed. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobin Club. Finally, he was convicted by a court in July 1794, arrested and guillotined. France was a centralised monarchy and the people had no share in decision making. The first year of revolution proclaimed the Tennis Court oath, assault on the declaration of rights of man an citizen. Reply. Answer: Question 12. About 81% of their income went to the State, Nobles, Church, 19% of the income was their to live on grass and roofs and 1,000 peoples of them died due to starvation. Question 1. The newly elected Assembly was called the Convention. (v) France became a Republic: In 1792 the Jacobians held the king hostage and declared to form a new government. While the National Assembly was busy at Versailles drafting a constitution. The French Revolution 19. Only men above 25 years of age who paid taxes were entitled to vote. They all described and discussed the events and changes taking place in France. He set out to conquer neighbouring Europeon countries. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers September 28, 2020 October 5, 2020 / By Prasanna Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution with Answers Pdf free download are compiled here to get good practice on all fundamentals. There they were sold to plantation owners. (ii) Different Clothes: A large group among the Jacobins decided to start wearing long striped trousers similar to those worn by dock workers. These Jacobins came to be known as the sansculottes, literally meaning — those without knee breeches. They included small shopkeepers, artisans such as shoemakers, pastry cooks, watch-makers, printers, as well as servants and daily wage earners. Citizens voted for a group of electors, who in turn close the assembly. The main features of the French Constitution of 1791 were : Question 10. Caught in a frenzy of fear, peasants started attacking nobles. The Guillotine is a device consisting of two pole and a blade with which a person is beheaded. @media only screen and (max-width: 768px) {table {border-left:0px; border-right: 0px; border-bottom: 0px;}}, NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12, Important Questions for CBSE Class 9 Social Science History Chapter 1 The French Revolution. Answer: The majority of men and women in 18th century France could not read and write. Explain triangular slave trade carried on during 18th and 19th century. By taking online test of NCERT Class 9 Geography Textbook, you will be able to have deep understanding of that chapter. CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download are part of Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science.Here we have given NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. Most women of the Third Estate had to work for a living as seamstresses or laundresses. Class 9 History – Online Test Chapter wise. Peasants were forced to transport their grain to the cities and sell it at prices fixed by the government. Class 9 - History - The French Revolution . Storming of Bastille (credits:wikipedia) ... HISTORY QUESTION AND ANS 20 August 2020 at 19:29. Dec 17, 2020 - Long Answer Questions Chapter 1 - The French Revolution, Class 9, SST (History) | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. Voting in the Estates General in the past had been conducted according to the principle that each estate had one vote. They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s. 83. (ii) Charles Montesquieu (1689-1775): A nobleman by birth, he became a lawyer and a judge. Question 1. This led to a rapid increase in the demand for foodgrains. This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. (i) Assembly of the Estates: On 5th May, 1789 Louis XVI called together an assembly of the Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes. On 21st September 1792 it abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Who was the ruler of France during the revolution? Freedom of Speech: Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen proclaimed freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. Jean Jacques Rousseau. They were the leaders of the National Assembly which was formed in 1789 after the failure of the meeting of the Estate General. Maximilian Robespierre. Question 13. Women’s movement for voting rights and equal wages continued through the next two hundred years in many countries of the world. They declared themselves a national assembly and swore not the disperse till they had drafted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the Monarch. Answer: They were led by Mirabeau and Abbe’ Sieye’s. The First Estate comprised of clergy, the Second Estate comprised of nobility and the Third Estate comprised of businessmen, traders, merchants, artisans, peasants and servants. A large group among the Jacobin decided to wear long striped trousers like those worn by dock workers. Finally slavery was abolished in 1848. This led to a feeling of resentment against the Jacobins. Explain the statement in the light of French Revolution. The nation had gone into deep dept because of the fighting in the Seven Years War (1756-1763) and the Revolutionary War in America under Louis XVI. Tithes was the special tax levied by the church on peasants. The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes. What was taille? MCQ quiz on French Revolution multiple choice questions and answers on French Revolution MCQ questions quiz on French Revolution objectives questions with answer test pdf. Class 09 - Civics ... Class 10 - History Class 9 Coaching Distance Learning Downloads Exam Tips Importance India Maths Tricks Online Class Quetions Quiz no-style. Explain the role of philosophers in the French Revolution of 1789. Quiz helps to enhance knowledge. Printed tracts and newspapers not only spread the new ideas, but they shaped the nature of debate. Answer: Extra Questions for Class 9th: Ch 1 French Revolution History Abhishek 02 Sept, 2018 Extra Questions for Class 10th: Ch 1 French Revolution Social Studies (S.St) Important Questions … Treason. India and the Contemporary World I (History) Chapter-1– The French Revolution,The following page provides you NCERT book solutions for class 9 social science, social science class 9 notes in pdf are also available in the related links between the text.. CHAPTER-1 The French Revolution. Answer: All those he saw as being ‘enemies’ of the republic-nobles and clergy, members of other political parties, even members of his own party who did not agree with his methods-were arrested, imprisoned and guillotined. A severe winter had meant a bad harvest, the price of bread rose. Unknown 23 August 2020 at 16:15. The Constitution of 1791 began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen. Newspapers, pamphlets, books and printed pictures flooded the towns of France from where they travelled rapidly into the countryside. Working women had also to take care of their families. Explain by giving three examples. On 14 July, the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille. Answer: Answer: The members of Church and nobility enjoyed certain privileges by birth, the most important being the exemption from paying taxes to the State. Justify the statement by giving three suitable examples. They favoured the abolition of such a social system that supported political, social and economic injustice and discrimination. Here we have provided Exemplar Problems Solutions along with NCERT Exemplar Problems Class 9. Now powers were decentralised and assigned to different institutions. This led to chaos and resentment among the people. Answer: The right to freedom of speech and expression. Or Through all these changes in the form of government, the ideals of freedom, of equality before the law of the land and of fraternity remained inspiring ideals that motivated political movements in France and the rest of Europe during the following century. Name any four French philosophers who inspired the French people to revolt. They declared themselves a National Assembly, and swore not to disperse till they had drafted a constitution for France that would limit the powers of the monarch. This time too, Louis XVI was determined to continue the same practice. Answer: Answer: They were employed as domestic servants in the house of prosperous people. Answer: However, only a small number of them owned the land they cultivated about 60 per cent of the land was owned by nobles, the church and other richer members of the third estate. Sansculottes men wore in addition the red cap that symbolised liberty. Their fathers could no longer force them into marriage against their will. All the taxes were paid by the people .of the Third Estates. They demanded the right to vote to be elected to the Assembly and hold political office. What was subsistence crisis ? The representatives of the third estate viewed themselves as spokesman for the whole French nation. Although the upper two classes made up only a small fraction of the total population, yet they were the people who controlled the political and economic system of the nation. The Third Estate: It consisted of the vast majority of the common masses, the landless peasants, servants, etc. Under all these circumstances, Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly. Question 13. Class 9 Social Science (History) The French Revolution – Get here the Notes, Question & Practice Paper for Class 9 History The French Revolution. So the gap between the poor and the rich widened. Crops were trampled by hunting parties of the nobles. How did philosophers influence the thinking of the people of France? It was named after Dr. Answer: Trace the event which led to the fall of Bastille. The constitution declared that it was the duty of the state to protect each citizen’s natural rights. Dec 14, 2020 - Short Revision Questions : French Revolution (70 questions) | EduRev Notes is made by best teachers of Class 9. On 20th June, they assembled in the hall of an indoor tennis court in the grounds of Versailles. Answer: Mirabeau was born in a noble family but was convinced of the need to do away with a society of feudal privilege. Answer: Question 29. Question 16. Louis XVI was executed publicly at the Place de la Concorde.. iv. It also abolished the rights of privileged classes. Now the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen declared freedom of speech and expression to be a natural right. The Social Contract. (iv) Storming the Bastille : On the morning of 14th July, 1789 the agitated crowd stormed and destroyed the Bastille. Question 2. But it did not pass any laws, fearing opposition from businessmen whose incomes depended on the slave trade. But wages did not keep pace with the rise in prices. What was the Convention? Which book has proposed a division of power within government? Most of the historians believe that from the very beginning women were active participants in the events related with the French Revolution of 1789. Describe its role in France. Answer: They got their name from the former convent of St. Jacob in Paris. Question 14. Question 3. Later the Assembly voted to imprison the royal family. France, Question 6. aisha jannath. Answer: The war added more than a billion livers to a dept that had already risen to more than 2 billion livres. Answer: How was the French society organised before the revolution of 1789 ? Explain the role of thinkers and philosophers in the French Revolution. “Ideas of liberty and democratic rights were the most important legacy of the French Revolution”. What were the causes of the empty treasury of France under Louis XVI ? Reply Delete. The Assembly nationalized church lands to pay off the public debt. This time too, Louis XVI was determined to continue the same practice. Plantation owners understood their freedom as including the right to enslave African Negroes in pursuit of their economic interests. CLOSE ADS. Robespierre followed a policy of severe control and punishment. Napoleon saw himself as a moderniser of Europe. This was to set themselves apart from the fashionable sections of society, especially nobles, who wore knees breeches. Who was Robespierre ? Nice questions. Describe. Under Louis XVI, France helped the thirteen colonies to gain their independence from the common enemy, Britain. State the events that led to the formation of the National Assembly. This led to a subsistence crisis, something that occurred frequently in France during the Old Regime. Class 9 - SSt - Ch1 - French Revolution (MCQs)(#eduvictors)(#class9History)(#FrenchRevolution) French Revolution . On the morning of 14 July 1789, the city of Paris was in a state of alarm.. ii. Answer: It was a direct tax to be paid to the State. What was the role of philosophers and thinkers in the French Revolution? Answer: Thus the clergy turned against the Jacobin regime and hastened its fall. What was feudal system? Robespierre ruled France from 1793 to 1794. Question 7. Censorship was abolished. CBSE Class 9th History India and the Contemporary World I : All Chapters & All questions answered including Extra Questions Chapter 1: The French Revolution Chapter 2: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution French revolution started in 1789. Churches were shut down and their buildings converted into barracks or offices. Describe the status of the nobles in France before the revolution. Which philosopher had forwarded the principle of voting by the assembly as a whole, where each member should have one vote, during the rule of louis XVI? Question 15. VERY SHORT ANSWERS Newspapers, books and pamphlets flooded French towns and reached the countryside as well. (iv) Storming the King’s Palace: In the summer of 1792 the Jacobins planned an insurrection of a large number of Parisians who were angered by the short supplies and high prices of food. Question 4. French society was divided into three main classes called ‘estates’. The French society was divided into sections called ‘estates’ namely first estate consisting of the clergy, second estate comprising the nobility and the third estate comprising all commoners including big businessmen, traders, merchants, court officials, lawyers, peasants, artisans, labourers and servants. Question 23. Slavery was finally abolished in French colonies in 1848. Answer: To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities the state was forced to increase taxes. Quiz on French Revolution. Answer: He condemned the Church which supported the privileged class, and ignored the poor. They did not have access to education or job training. Highlight any five features of the constitution of 1791 in France. Name the most popular political club started by the French women. The years following 1789 in France saw many such changes in the lives of men, women and children. Answer: Question 6. The constitution of 1791 vested the power to make laws in the National Assembly, which was indirectly elected. These then appointed a Directory, an Executive made up to five members. These could not be taken away. Chapter 1- The French Revolution. Abbe’ Sieye’s originally a priest, wrote an influential pamphlet called, ‘What is the Third Estate?’. It was a way of proclaiming the end of the power wielded by the wearers of knee breeches. How was slavery abolished in France? Explain the impact of the French Revolution on the life of people of French. Short Answer Questions for The French Revolution - CBSE Class 9 History on Topperlearning. Marriage was made into a contract entered freely and registered under civil law. From the very beginning women were active participants in the events which brought sfbout major changes in the French Society. Louis XVI finally accorded recognition to the National Assembly and accepted the principle that his powers would be checked by a constitution. Estates General. Answer: The National Assembly of France voted in April 1792 to declare war against ________ . What was their contribution to the French Revolution ? History; Geography; Class 9 Exemplar Questions. Reply Delete. Newspapers, pamphlets and printed pictures appeared steadily in the towns of French. San-culottes men wore in addition the red cap that symbolised liberty. France was under the rule of a monarch, Louis XVI. Answer: The members of the Jacobin Club belonged mainly to ________ . Write a short note on the document ‘Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizen.’ Question 18. Answer: The church was owner of a big chunk of land in France. Women could now train for jobs, could become artists or run small businesses. Question 11. The Oath was taken on 20th June in the hall of an indoor court in the grounds of Versailles. Who formed the National Assembly in France in 1789? Plays, songs and festive processions attracted large numbers of people. That is, citizens voted for a group of electors, who in turn chose the Assembly. Answer: Answer: Question from very important topics is covered by Exemplar Questions for Class 9. Question 2. Peasants made up of 10 per cent of the population. Question 11. Explain how the new political system of Constitutional monarchy in France worked. 26 May. Answer: To meet its regular expenses, such as the cost of maintaining an army, the court, running government offices or universities, the state was forced to increase taxes. He gave the slogan “Man was born free, yet he is everywhere in chains”. Question 17. Major changes were introduced in the Russian economy and agriculture after the revolution. The Jacobin Clubs. (b) The Spirit of the Laws. Answer: Answer: Question 5. The remaining men and all women were classed as passive citizens. Question 13. Answer: The Jacobin government in France was based on extreme measures. The Estates General was a political body to which the three estates sent their representatives. The constitution began with a Declaration of the Rights of Man and citizens. Question 1. Robespierre introduced ‘Reign of Terror’ in France. Answer: Question 13. Answer: Robespierre was the leader of Jacobins club which led a successful revolt and came to power. Describe the incidents that led to the storming of the Bastille. 14th July, 1789. Answer: In the famous book, “The Social Contract”, he proved that the government was the result of a social contract between the people on the one hand, and ruler on the other. How did a directory rule in France ? They declared themselves a National Assembly. Answer: The burden of financial activities of state during the Old Regime was borne by the ________ . Tithes were abolished, and lands owned by the church were confiscated. NCERT Class 9 History Chapter 1 Extra Questions and Answers The French Revolution. This was meant as a safeguard against the concentration of political power in a one-man executive as under the Jacobins. They have to work in the lord’s house and fields or to serve in the army or to participate in building roads. Answer: Write some of the main features of the French Constitution of 1791. Added to this was the cost of maintaining an extravagant court at the immense palace of Versailles. Their wages were lower than those of men. Trace rights which we are enjoying today had origin in the French Revolution. Answer: The political instability of the Directory paved the way for the rise of a military dictator, Napoleon Bonaparte. What did the fall of Bastille signify ? 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